Electrical engineering is the application of the laws of physics governing electricity, magnetism, and light to develop products and services for the benefit of humankind.
It is a professional discipline that deals with the application of electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. This branch offers exciting job opportunities for students in the rapidly evolving fields of information and communication technology and the latest advances in the more traditional areas of power, control, and electromagnetism. So electrical engineering deals with the problems associated with large-scale electrical systems such as power transmission and motor control.
Electrical engineers will be responsible for designing, developing and maintaining electrical control systems, machinery and equipment and play pivotal role in a wide range of fields such as Power generation, transmission and distribution, Building services, Renewable energy sources, Transport networks, Manufacturing and construction etc.
Electrical Engineering requires practical application of science but also requires following attributes in individual:
The employment opportunities are immense for a graduate in civil engineering. They can find jobs in:
Like all the other engineering fields, Electrical engineering too has a very wide scope in terms of industry application and employment opportunities.Electricity is indispensable to the development of a society, therefore it demands a lot of research work to improve the tools and components which help conserve it and are instrumental in translating it into a force of industrial and social development.
The wide use of electricity and electrical gadgets in the society make Electrical engineering a very lucrative career.
This article discusses the history of electrical engineering in brief and its importance in various fields of study today.
Electrical engineering mainly deals with the generation and distribution of power and maintenance of large power systems. It has been known in the past to encompass electronic engineering, which has obtained an identity of its own only in the recent years. In most cases, both of these disciplines are offered through a combined course of study.
Electrical engineers are responsible mainly for power generation and power transmission. The importance of electrical engineering was recognized only in the 19th century. Some of the main contributors to the field of electrical engineering were George Ohm, Micheal Faraday, James Clark Maxwell, Thomas Elva Edison and Nikola Tesla. However, there were many people who played their own part in bringing electrical engineering to the level it is at today.
The main aim is to ensure the safe usage of electricity. For this purpose they are given the responsibility of designing electrical appliances as well as the wiring system of electricity to ensure supply of electricity to these appliances. Many times electrical engineers have to work on projects that involve a certain degree of electronics engineering. Electrical engineers are concerned with designing the flight systems of aircrafts and rocket propulsion systems. Industrial automation and automobile control system design are also a part of electrical engineering.
We can see that the process of manufacturing has become extremely streamlined in the recent years. In the earlier days, workers where used to perform each and every task. This lead to greater manufacturing time, and output also suffered in quality at times. However, since the process of automation has been implemented to many manufacturing plants, the efficiency of manufacturing has increased rapidly. The dependence on human work force has decreased, with time wastage reduced and quality of output increased.
Electrical engineering has an important role to play in many other fields of study. For instance, signal processing makes use of the principles of electrical engineering in modifying the digital and analog nature of the signals to obtain the required output. Telecommunications is another area that benefits from electrical engineering. It deals with the transmission of information through different channels to enable communication. Instrumentation engineering has developed as a field of study where devices are used to take reading of pressure, temperature, current, etc. in the electrical equipment
In today’s world, all branches of engineering have a specific role to play. This means electrical engineering is important for the development of all other branches of engineering too.